Sources: IOM, UNHCR, Migration Policy Centre, Oxford Research Group, Al Jazeera, Al Mazdar News, BBC, Bloomberg, CNN, The Guardian & The New York Times | UNIVISION
SYRIA: TIMELINE OF KEY EVENTS IN THE
2011| People in the city of Dara’a paint a message on a wall against the regime; 15 suspects are detained and tortured. Demonstrations call for their release —at least 4 killed. Protests spread across the country, the death toll rises. Tanks roll into Homs, Dara’a and Damascus. Syrian National Council is formed. First suicide bomb kills 44 people.
REGISTERED SYRIAN REFUGEES (DECEMBER 16)
REGISTERED SYRIAN REFUGEES (DECEMBER 31)
2012| Conflict takes form of civil war. Violence escalates in Homs and Dara’a and Assad’s army recklessly bombs the country. Thousands flee their homes in Damascus, Aleppo, Homs and Dara’a. Hundreds killed as troops storm Damascus suburb of Darayya. By December, rebels hold the outskirts of Damascus, half of Aleppo, and northern and eastern Syria.
2013| By February, up to 70,000 dead. The conflict is internationalized. Lebanese militias back Assad’s offensive to recapture key areas, while foreign jihadists join rebels. By March, 75,000 have left Homs and Aleppo. ISIS takes Raqqa. UN verifies use of Sarin gas with 1,400 casualties. Assad agrees to get rid of chemical weapons. Kurds caught in the crossfire.
REGISTERED SYRIAN REFUGEES (FEBRUARY 7)
2016| Syrians account for 1 in 5 displaced people in the world. Syrian army retakes half of Dara’a; rebel supplies going to Dara’a are cut off. ISIS abducts 400 civilians after major assault in city of Deri ez-Zor. UN says close to 400, 000 people under siege and only 1% receiving food aid. MSF says town of Madaya worst hit—23 people died of starvation in December.
REGISTERED SYRIAN REFUGEES (FEBRUARY 7, LATEST AVAILABLE DATA)
The following infographic tracks the evolution of the Syrian refugee crisis from 2011 to 2016. It covers the most significant events in a conflict that has forced millions to leave their homes and seek safety in a foreign land.
2014| Death toll rises to 140,000. Peace talks begin. Regime retakes towns along Lebanese border, "barrel bombs" Aleppo, and lays siege to Homs and parts of Damascus. Rebel infighting occurs. June presidential elections are widely discredited. ISIS declares a caliphate in Iraq and Syria, and takes Mosul. The U.S., Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, UAE and Jordan bomb ISIS.
2015| Over half of Syria's population has been displaced by war. ISIS take Palmyra and Mosul. Intense fighting between ISIS and Kurds in the north-east. German Office of Migrations tweets that Syrians that make it to Germany can apply for asylum. Big wave of refugees leaves the country. Russia and Britain begin airstrikes against ISIS and rebels.